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Canadian Prisons Failure to Successfully Rehabilitate Inmates

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Introduction

Canadian prisons are used for the purpose of confining offenders who have been convicted of committing serious crimes in the society. They are aimed at ensuring that the offenders correct their awful behaviors so that they become better persons at the end of the confinement period, who can promote the growth the economy in different aspects. In spite of the effort by the government and relevant bodies such as Correctional Service Canada to be able to rehabilitate these offenders fully, there have been challenges that have hindered the full rehabilitation of prisoners. Some of these problems include inadequate health care for offenders such as those who practice drug and substance abuse, increased cases of offenders with mental health problems, increased incidence of infectious diseases, aging offender population and increasing women population among others. Also, there has been increased numbers of gangs and criminal organizations as well as the Aboriginal population in the prisons. These problems have hindered the full reintegration of inmates in the Canadian prisons. In summary, Canadian prisons have failed to succeed fully in rehabilitating offenders as discussed below.

As time goes by, the number of old people in the Canadian prisons have continued to increase as shown by the Canadian demographics. The Correctional service Canada is, therefore, facing the challenge of having to take care of elderly people in prison. Older offenders especially those above the age of fifty years need specialized care such as improved medical care. Also, they require specialized needs in the areas of accessibility and mobility, adjustment to incarceration, peer and family relationships as well as conditional release. Older people are frequently attacked by chronic problems such as diabetes, hypertension, heart diseases and poor eyesight. As the offenders get older, they also start to fear that they may end up dying in prison, and this disrupts their thinking. Also, the range of activities that these old offenders can engage in is limited since they are less energetic. These challenges have prevented the Correctional Service Canada from timely rehabilitating the older employees. This clearly shows that at the end, many employees leave prison even at their old age having not being fully rehabilitated from their initial status.

On the other hand, overcrowding in Canadian prisons has become rampant in both male and female prisons . This has led to situations where rooms meant for one inmate are used by two or more people. As a result, the prison environment becomes unfavorable and unsuitable for the inmates. In addition, due to overcrowding, the inmates develop other characters such as violence against each other. According to one of the most interesting essays on social justice, this is because all of them want to live comfortably. The mental health of the inmates may also worsen due to overcrowding. This makes them worse as opposed to providing them with correctional measures to help them be fully rehabilitated. As a result, the inmates are let in a poorer state than their initial state when getting to prison. This has questioned the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process in the Canadian prisons. This shows the need for measures to be taken to address the challenge of overcrowding in prisons.

The need for quality health care for the inmates is also a major challenge in the Canadian prisons. There is minimized health care in the Canadian prisons due to factors such as an increase in offender in the population of offenders, reduced number of health care professionals to cater for the needs of the inmates as well as increased costs in handling the health affairs of the inmates. Due to these factors, the offenders get inadequate access to proper medical, mental as well as dental care. This further slows the process of reintegration and rehabilitation of the offenders. As a result of reduced health care, there has been an increased incidence of mental health problems, substance abuse, infectious diseases such as HIV/AIDS as well as chronic diseases such as diabetes and hypertension. The Correction Service Canada is also faced with the challenge of keeping proper health records for the inmates. This has made it difficult to have a follow-up of inmates' health status. This has also contributed to the worsened health conditions among the employees. Research has also shown that as time goes by, the number of offenders with mental health problems in Canadian prisons increases at a higher rate than in the normal outside population. This has therefore questioned the rehabilitation process of Canadian prisons since these numbers are expected to relatively decrease rather than increase. On the other hand, drug and substance abuse has also shown to increase in the Canadian prisons. Drug and substance abuse has negative effects on the health of the inmates as well as encourages the inmates to participate in awful practices such as participating in gay practices while in prison. In general, inadequate health care has therefore shown to be a major block to the process of rehabilitation in the Canadian prisons.

The increased population of Aboriginal population has also been a major hindrance to the success of the rehabilitation process of Canadian inmates.Some of the characteristics of the Aboriginal population include; they have served other youth and adult sentences, have higher risk and need ratings in areas such as substance abuse and employment, have more health problems such as mental health problems and have affiliations with different groups of gangs. In addition, these Aboriginal offenders have challenges in reintegrating into the community. Instead, they end up being enemies to the community members as opposed to the expected friendly relations with the community as a whole. This has made them engage further in crime activities in the society and ends up in the prison again. The recurrent entry into prison among these Aboriginal offenders has truly shown that the periods they spend in prison are not of any help to them. Also, the fresh offenders who enter prison for the first time are initiated into the bad practices of the Aboriginal offenders. As a result, the bigger population of inmates in the Canadian prisons has been characterized by increased ignorance and lack of the need to change. This has made the Canadian prisons be, therefore, considered as centers of training offenders to commit much more crime instead of correcting their behaviors. As a result, the public and society have been concerned about this worrying trend. This has raised a lot of questions about the role of Canadian prisons in rehabilitating and reintegrating the inmates. This shows the need for interventions to correct this state in the Canadian prisons.

On the other hand, there has an alarming increase of dangerous and violent offenders in addition to increased gang organizations in prisons. It has become a challenge to handle offenders from gang organizations since they tend to be violent even to the Canadian prison staff. Also, gang organizations pose some challenges to the Criminal Service Canada such as participating in drug distribution in the prisons and recruiting new members in the prisons to join their gangs. They also intimidate the staff as well as try to be involved in corrupt practices with the staff. These individuals do not care about the consequences of their actions or even the magnitude of their sentence. The increased ratios of these dangerous and violent offenders have caused increased risks to the society since even confinement does not change the character of these kinds of inmates. The capacity of maximum capacity prisons has also continued to increase as days go by thus questioning the effectiveness of the rehabilitation process in the Canadian prisons.

Inadequate timely and safe release of offenders is also a major challenge facing Canadian prisons. Many offenders released from the Canadian prisons have limited skills, limited savings and have very little chances of employment (O’Hear, Michael and Wheelock 280).The little skills are as a result of limited training while in prison for the purpose of acquiring proficient skills to be used when they leave prison. As a result, the offenders who leave prison have very low employment opportunities in the society and lack a source of income to meet their daily and long term needs. These offenders who have left prison also face rejection and neglect from the society because of the crimes they committed. This further worsens their situation in the society they get in to and this makes them to be tempted to result to vices such as theft or other dangerous activities they used to engage in. Equally, these offenders if it challenging to fail to indulge in substance and drug abuse since they are used to consuming these drugs in the prisons. As a result, their health status becomes worse and in addition, this further accelerates their desire to commit dangerous crimes in the society. The high prevalence of these crimes committed by persons who were formerly inmates has raised an alarm among many people in the rehabilitation process of Canadian prisons. This has shown to support the fact that Canadian prisons have not yet succeeded in rehabilitating the inmates.

Based on the findings above, it is evident that the Canadian prisons have not been able to rehabilitate successfully the inmates in the prisons. The following recommendations would, however, enhance their ability to be able to effectively rehabilitate the employees. To address the challenge of mental health, there should be the introduction of clinical mental health screening for the offenders who are getting into the Canadian prisons. The implementation of primary mental health care in the Canadian prisons such as mental health counseling, support as well as treatment will promote the mental health of the inmates. Also, an increment in the number of clinical staff dealing with the mental problems of inmates will enhance an improved mental health of the inmates. A voluntary immunization program for the inmates against diseases such as Hepatitis –C will promote their health since the chances of infection are limited. The effective implementation of a Correction Service Canada's HIV/AIDS prevention will promote education, prevention, care, treatment and support of the inmates in the Canadian prisons. Regular Tuberculosis screening and surveillance should also be conducted in the prisons in Canada to ensure that the inmates are free of tuberculosis while in prison. To reduce the supply of drugs, there should be intensified searching of the persons’ visiting prison through the use of metal detectors and drug detection drugs. There should also be the intensified and frequent searching of the buildings in prison to identify the channels thorough which drugs get into prison. Regular urinalysis of some of the inmates in prison to check the drug and substance level in urine would also help to reduce the incidences of drug and substance abuse.

To address the needs of the older inmates, separating them from other younger inmates would enhance a better recognition of their needs.This is because it is possible to set up programs that cater to their special needs such as increased medical care. In addition, separation of older inmates from the young ones will enable the prison staff to give guidance and counseling to the older inmates and encourage them to avoid fears such as those of dying in prison. This will enable them to be able to appreciate themselves better and feel as being part of the larger society (O’Hear, Michael and Wheelock 260)

To address the challenge of the increasing dangerous and violent populations, there should be intensified training of staff to handle criminals who have been previously in gang organizations. Standardized processes should be put in place to identify criminal organizations in the whole of Canada together with their sponsors and equipment suppliers. Involving the public in identifying these groups will also enhance a quicker identification of the dangerous groups. Once the gangs have been identified with the support of the public, they should be secluded from the rest of the rest of the inmates where they are given specialized attention and treatment to rehabilitate them. In addition, separation of these dangerous offenders from the rest of the inmates reduces the chances that they will negatively influence the other inmates and lure them to bad acts (Ricciardelli 30). Intensive guidance and counseling should also be given to the offenders from criminal gangs and organizations to make them have changed attitudes and perceptions about life. This may promote a positive change of attitude and as a result, they may become instruments of change to other offenders who are not willing to change their negative acts

On the other hand, there should be the establishment of more confinement centers for the offenders to handle the issue of overcrowding in the prisons. The increase in the number of prisons in Canada will ease the problem of overcrowding in the prisons. As a result, there will be reduced incidence of increased violence due to overcrowding. In addition, the offenders will not have self-neglect since they feel that their needs are catered for while still in prison.in addition, more confinement centers will promote better living conditions such as proper air circulation which prevents the spread of tuberculosis. As a result, incidences of tuberculosis and other viral diseases will reduce in prison thus ensuring a conducive prison environment. This will contribute towards an effective rehabilitating system. All the recommendations stated above will lead to a better rehabilitation program.

Conclusion

In conclusion, from the discussion above it is clear that rehabilitation of inmates in the Canadian prison has not been achieved. This is because the Canadian prisons are faced with challenges such as overcrowding in prisons, increased number of dangerous and violent offenders, increased number of Aboriginal population as well as inadequate health care among the inmates. An aging offender population is also increasing among the Canadian population which is becoming a major challenge to the Correction Service Canada. However, with the recommendations highlighted above such as the increment in the number of prisons to reduce overcrowding and violent in prisons will facilitate the rehabilitation of inmates. Also, the provision of better medical, mental and dental services to the inmates through services such as screening for tuberculosis and the provision of clinical health mental problems will improve the health status of the inmates. Handling criminal organizations and gangs separately in prison from the rest of the inmates will also reduce the incidences of the recruitment of more individuals into the dangerous groups. Also, special treatment to these groups for example through intensified counseling and training them on other skills will enhance their rehabilitation process. The recommendations will, therefore, make the process of rehabilitation and reintegration in the Canadian prison more successful. Thus, the statement that the Canadian prisons have not succeeded in rehabilitating inmates is justified.

Recent News About the Sexual Abuse by More Than 300 Priests Re-Open the Problem of Christian Church

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Vulture priests have sexually abused about 1000 child victims, a report in the state of Pennslyvania reveals. The report done by a grand jury reveals in its reports revolving around six Catholic dioceses that around three hundred priests have been under watch and investigation in the state of Pennsylvania. To make it worse is that the number of innocent children victimized and molested could be on the thousands.

It is quite inhuman and unfair that the heads of these churches and this so-called men of God have never raised the alarm. Not one has tried to reveal the atrocities of these priests. So disappointing is the fact that these heads of churches and those under them are being protected and denying the innocent the justice they deserve.

The new jury goes ahead to reveal the church itself has the truth, and all that has happened in the states of Pittsburg, Erie, Allentown, Harrisburg, and Scranton is all hidden in diocesan reports. This is after in-depth investigation with the help of the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the FBI. The files encompass off tall the atrocities across the dioceses for the last 70 years since 1947.

In recent times, two dioceses in Pennslyvania has been the subject of discussion in the involvement in pedophilic sexual abuse allegations. The diocese namely Philadelphia and Altoona just joined the bandwagon of atrocious and vulture priest churches. The number of members of the clergy that has been revealed to be in Pennsylvania alone clocks 71.

A report by Pennslyvania on Tuesday by the same jury that there have been reports of sexual molestation in the Catholic Church but this acts of doom have gone beyond control. The worst scenario is that most of these cases or experience have happened many years ago and can be hard to come out with enough evidence to give justice. The good thing is that eventually most of the churches are coming forward to reveal the atrocious person and helping in the investigation to have them charged.

A recent news report by John Shapiro the AG of the Pennsylvania state exhaustively reveal the evils acts in the boy and girl child molestations.

Cases of rapes and molestation

Reports by the new grand juror go on to reveal that some sexual abuses by the clergy have been discovered. The church leaders, vulture priests, have devised ways of maximizing atrocities with less resistance from child victims.

The methods include:

  • Alcohol plying
  • Groping
  • Molestation
  • The vulture church religious professionals have been brutal anal, vaginal and oral rapes.

    The jury revealed a detailed report on cases that were beyond human thinking:

    A priest in Greensburg forges marriage certificates tying him to a teenage girl, 17, and divorces the girl after impregnating her. His ministry surprisingly pardons the priest with the help of a bishop. Another priest without shame tricks girls about Mary having to bite of cord and lick Jesus clean after labor.

    A priest in Harrisburg abuses five girls from a given family and even keeps samples of menstrual blood, pubic hair, and urine. In the same town, a priest takes advantage of a 7-year-old girl that had her tonsils snipped off and could not cry out for help.

    A priest in Pittsburg stalks and flirts a 15-year-old boy. His ministry on finding out still retains the priest for more years in the diocese.

    In Allentown, two priests sexually abused some boys. One of the priests is surprisingly recommended for work at Disney. In Scranton, an HIV positive priest gets jailed for sexually molesting children.

    Most of these victims have been found out to have entirely changed after undergoing atrocious acts in their childhoods. Some people never focused on their marriages and never showed affection to their wives and kids; some could not keep the memories off their heads even after many years passed.

    The Church is failing in giving justice to victims

    The Catholic church, for instance, is doing a great job in protecting its image instead of providing justice to the affected. The Pope is said to conceal most of the church’s involvement by having to keep most of the bad practices in secret. Even after the revelations, the Vatican fails to comment about the action they should take against vulture priests.

    Publication of Abuses Delayed

    Court blocks the release of investigation reports when the abusers say the investigations are misguided and that their rights were violated in the investigations. Four months ago Shapiro, AG Pennsylvania reached out to the pope with the hope of stopping priests involved from tampering with witnesses.

    Priest reveals the list of abusive clergy

    A leader of the dioceses of Pennsylvania in the first week of August reveals a list of all the clergy with reports of sexual misconduct. The bishop goes ahead to apologize for the atrocious cases of child sexual molestation in Pennsylvania.

    Benchmark crimes

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    It is often claimed that the society has great influence in making the criminals which might be true with respect to the current condition in my neighborhood. Day to day residential burglary, assault cases, and insecurity has become the order of the day. Crime is termed as a punishable unlawful act.

    The community that used to live in harmony has now become so hostile that nobody is willing to walk even during the day for the fear of being robbed. Everybody has been reduced to walking even those with cars. They are forced to keep their cars not in the neighborhood because they fear waking up and to find their cars driven off. Young energetic men capable of doing good jobs are everywhere in the streets holding guns like toys. This if how bad the insecurity, crimes, and generally moral decay has engulfed my society.

    The rate of crime has become a menace faced by each household in the community. The government ought to have placed necessary measures immediately the first incidence was reported to make the community a better place to live in like it used to be some years ago. Unemployment is always associated with such unethical practices and if so is this because of unemployment? Are the security measures not enough?

    It is often postulated that before you haul an insult at somebody by calling them names such as liars, thief and so on, one needs to substantiate her thinking before uttering the words and in relation to this, what are the causes of crimes? One thing am sure about is that nobody is born a criminal nor does people go school to be criminals and because of some conditions, people ends up committing crimes. Lack of faith in oneself makes some people consider crime as a cure.

    These individuals do not believe in themselves that they can make it in life without creating havoc and commotion. Poor judgment because of improper education affects one's relation with other people and resorts to crimes. Poverty can lead somebody to steal. One thing they ought to learn is that crime is not a lasting solution to their problems and they need to bet something to do other than disturbing everyone’s peace in the neighborhood while they risk their life dearly. TV violence is another cause affecting the young generation. They believe in the stories criminals who managed to make it to the movies and try to make it the same way in life, and besides this, drugs.

    The calmness, love, and harmony in the community can be restored back to normal when the correct measures are taken. The criminals did not drop from any alien planet; they are our brothers, sisters, neighbors or even friends. In a bid eradicate this vice, we need to mention or sue these people so that they can be helped because what they are living is not a lifestyle but suffering. The government and the relevant authorities should try tackling the condition of drugs and substance abuse in the community. Employment opportunities should be availed to the jobless to keep them busy capable of earning a living. Reshaping the educational institutions and systems, remodeling jurisdiction in the community can impact a change and make the criminals dependent. Proper punishment to the criminals should be employed to discourage the others who considers it as a job and may want to join.

    Nobody can protect our homes better than we do, nor can the peace be brought to the community unless they decide to live in harmony. Apart from the government, it is for the members to fight against crime.

    Bernd Ottovordemgentschenfelde – the man with the longest name in Germany

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    Filling out a German form Bernd Ottovordemgentschenfelde says he has trouble getting his name to fit on official forms Photo: ALAMY

    The 45-year-old floor tiler from the Rhineland says he has trouble getting his name to fit on official forms, as well as the side of his van.

    He often has to shorten his name for credit cards, while his wife Sylvia, 45, and daughter Nadine, 14, have both shortened their last name to Gentschenfelde.

    “My father wanted to give me a second first name,” he said. “But my mother successfully stopped that!”

    Judth Schwanke, a name expert from the University of Leipzig in Germany, confirmed he currently has the longest name on record, at 24 letters.

    Robbery-hit city hides its statues (Reuters)

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    AMSTERDAM (Reuters) – The eastern Dutch city of Nijmegen is taking 10 statues off the streets after some of its bronzes were stolen and most likely melted down to take advantage of the high price of the metal alloy.

    Among the statues to be removed for safe-keeping is “Mariken van Nieumeghen” — or Mariken from Nijmegen — which refers to a local character in one of the Netherlands’ earliest books, written around the year 1500.

    The city plans to protect the statues by implanting a GPS chip or may replace them with copies made from cheaper materials.

    (Reporting by Marcel Michelson; Editing by Sara Webb)

    US woman solves Wheel of Fortune puzzle with just one letter revealed

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    Armed with only an ‘I’ as a clue, Caitlin Burke, a 26-year-old fashion journalist, guessed that the phrase “I’ve got a good feeling about this” lay behind the 26 remaining spaces.

    Her gamble won her a holiday in the Caribbean worth $6,500 (£4,029) and stunned Pat Sajak, the veteran host of the US version of the programme.

    Asked how she had known the mystery phrase, Miss Burke said: ” I saw that it was a small word, so [thought] ‘I’ve’.

    “And I thought maybe ‘got a feeling about’, so I’ve got a hunch and I said ‘I’ve got a feeling about this’,” she said.

    Sajak said sarcastically: “Oh, in that case it was easy!”

    Footage of Miss Burke’s feat spread across the web on Monday. It was pointed out she was also helped by the previous contestant wrongly guessing the puzzle contained an ‘R’.

    Miss Burke won a total of more than $53,000 (£32,850) on the programme. She said she planned to pay off her student loan, buy a Chanel handbag and start a business.

    New dad Cameron wants to catch up on sleep in Seoul (Reuters)

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    SEOUL (Reuters) – Prime Minister David Cameron joked on Thursday that getting away from home for the G20 summit would allow him to catch up on his sleep after the birth of his baby daughter.

    “Everyone else has come to Korea for a summit or a business meeting. I’ve come just for a good night’s sleep,” Cameron told delegates at a business summit.

    Cameron and his wife Samantha had a daughter, Florence, in August and also have two other young children.

    Cameron is on a gruelling five-day trip which began with an overnight flight from London and a 36-hour visit to China.

    The prime minister, who has a quick wit, earlier joked that he was spending more time at the summit promoting England’s bid to host the 2018 World Cup than he was on core G20 issues.

    Officials use Steeler-styled van to serve warrants (AP)

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    CONNELLSVILLE, Pa. – Two constables in western Pennsylvania decided driving around in a car resembling a police cruiser was preventing them from serving warrants. So, they decided to go black and gold.

    Constables Hubie Coleman and Albert Younkin used a van decorated in Steelers colors and the team logo.

    Coleman says they drove up to houses and honked the horn. People came out to see them because they were curious about the van. That’s when they served the court papers.

    They also play the team’s fight song when transporting people to a district judge.

    The constables borrowed the van from a car dealership. They tell the Daily Courier of Connellsville that they won’t use it again since their cover is blown, but they are looking for other unique ways to get their job done.

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    Information from: The Daily Courier, View the original article here

    Cops: Woman harassed drivers by repeatedly braking (AP)

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    ABERDEEN, N.J. – Authorities accused a New Jersey woman of repeatedly harassing drivers on the Garden State Parkway by braking repeatedly, causing other motorists to tailgate. Karen Born, 52, was free on $27,500 bail, charged with harassment, falsely incriminating others and filing false reports to law enforcement.

    State Police Sgt. Brian Polite told the Asbury Park Press that state troopers issued a warrant for Born’s arrest after 22 incidents of alleged harassment over the summer.

    Polite said Born would call police after the other driver pulled over and claim the other driver was harassing and stalking her.

    It was not clear whether Born had retained an attorney.

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    Information from: Asbury Park Press, View the original article here

    Mom sold baby to buy car, police charge (Reuters)

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    MIAMI (Reuters) – A Florida woman was charged with trying to sell her infant son in order to pay for a new car, police said Tuesday.

    The baby’s grandmother brokered the deal and initially demanded $75,000 but agreed to cut the price to $30,000 when told the prospective buyer could not get a bank loan, the Florida Department of Law Enforcement (FDLE) said.

    The mother of the eight-week-old boy, Stephanie Bigbee Fleming, 22, of Bradenton, Florida, was to receive $9,000 of the proceeds, the FDLE said.

    “Fleming planned to purchase a new vehicle from the money received,” an FDLE spokeswoman said.

    Fleming also needed money to pay court costs for an unrelated probation violation, the arrest documents said.

    Fleming was arrested Tuesday. The grandmother, Patty Bigbee, 45, was arrested last week with her boyfriend Lawrence Works, 42, both of Holly Hill, Florida. All three were charged with the illegal sale of a child, and Bigbee was also charged with communications fraud, the department said.

    The arrest report said Bigbee offered to sell the baby to a female relative in October, explaining she had been caring for her grandchild but “was not mother material.”

    The relative alerted police and worked with them during the negotiations. Bigbee and Works were arrested when they collected a $30,000 cashier’s check and handed over the baby to an undercover agent in a Daytona Beach parking lot, police said.

    The baby remains in state custody.

    (Reporting by Jane Sutton; Editing by Cynthia Otserman)

    Pa. home with foot-deep piles of rats coming down (AP)

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    NEW BRIGHTON, Pa. – A western Pennsylvania home will be demolished because it is so overrun with rats that they measure about a foot deep in spots.

    Officials in Pulaski Township say the home has been a problem in the neighborhood for about a year. Neighbors called the township last week to complain when they saw rats coming out of the home.

    Officials say the home’s owner used to breed dogs there. The woman, who is bankrupt, moved out in August and her husband is in a nursing home.

    The Beaver County Times reports that an exterminator hopes to kill about 95 percent of the rats before the home is demolished Friday. Officials will erect a perimeter around the home to try and prevent any rats that survive from going into neighboring homes.

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    Information from: Beaver County Times, View the original article here